Divorce Rate in India
In India, the rates of divorce are the lowest in comparison to other countries of the world. For every 1,000 marriages that take place in India, there are 11 marriages that fail or end up in a legal separation. This means 1 out of every 100 marriage ends up in a divorce in India. These rates were much lower in 1990. In 1990, there were only 7.40 marriages which failed per 1,000 marriages. Even in case of villages, the divorce rates are extremely low when compared to the urban regions. In urban areas, the rates of divorce are getting higher and higher with time.
India does not maintain any statistics on the divorce rates. However, the rates of divorce in India are comparatively much lower than the western standards. One in every 100 marriages taking place in India end in a legal separation. This rate is equal to almost half the divorce rates reported in the US.
Some facts from CIA World book for comparison with US
Infant mortality rate
India - 64.9 deaths/1,000 live births
USA -6.76 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
India 62.5 years
USA 77.26 years
India - 24.79 births/1,000 population
USA - 14.2 births/1,000 population
India -8.88 deaths/1,000 population
USA - 8.7 deaths/1,000 population
US - 50%
India - 1.1%
The divorce rates in India are rising. Whether it is the metros or the semi-urban areas, whether it is the upper class or the middle class, or any state or city in the country, the divorce problem persists and the divorce rates are only increasing with time. A brief update on the divorce rates in Delhi and Mumbai are mentioned below:
- 1960's - 1-2 divorce cases per year
- 1980's - 100-200 divorce cases per year
- 1990's - 1,000 divorce cases per year
- This decade (2000 - A great jump to 9,000 divorce cases per year)
In 2007, almost 7,000 divorce cases had been filed in the family courts of Mumbai. This number was expected to rise to 7,200 by the end of that year. This figure stands at 60% more than the divorce cases filed in 2005. 70% of the divorce cases were filed by individuals in the age group of 25-35. 85% of the marriages ended in divorce in the first three years of marriage.
Reasons for high divorce rates in India
Some of the reasons for rising divorce rates in India are listed below:
- Greater acceptance of divorce in the society has led to couples being more comfortable with the idea of divorce.
- Big cities or the metros give the advantage of anonymity by which divorced couples can manage to avoid the glares of judgmental family members and friends.
- People today, tend to have a comparatively more casual approach towards marriage and do not work as hard to save it in case of any problems in the relationship.
- DINKS couples (Double Income No Kids) are not worried about how the divorce may negatively impact the children's lives.
- Stress as well as lack of time for life partners is another important factor leading to increasing divorce rates.
- Women are now at par with men in financial terms and do not feel the need to depend on their husbands for their financial needs. Men are also good with their domestic responsibilities and do not need to depend on women for the same. These changing gender roles has also impacted the divorce rates in India.
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